Passive voice adalah lawan dari active voice (kalimat aktif). Passive voice atau kalimat pasif adalah sebuah kalimat di mana kita lebih menekankan sasaran dari sebuah kata kerja ketimbang pelakunya. Sedangkan dalam active voice, kita menekankan pelaku kata kerja. Perhatikan contoh berikut:

1. Erika memakan wortel saya. [kalimat aktif]
2. Wortel saya dimakan oleh Erika. [kalimat pasif]

Jika kita translate kedua kalimat tersebut, maka jadinya:

Erika eats my carrot. [active voice]
My carrot is eaten by Erika. [passive voice]

Khazim answered the question easily. [active voice]
The question is answered by Khazim easily. [passive voice]

Rumus Passive Voice

active voice
Subject [pelaku] + Verb + Object.
Passive Voice
Subject [sasaran] + BE + V3 + (by agent).

Satu hal penting untuk membedakan mana active dan mana passive adalah pola verbnya. Dalam passive voice, verbnya selalu berakhir dengan pola BE + V3. Tanpa BE + V3, maka dapat dipastikan penulisannya salah. Lihat contoh berikut:

1. Marcel answered a difficult question.
A difficult question was answered by Marcel.
2. My cat is bothering Ros.
Ros is being bothered by my cat.
3. Ridho will cancel the meeting.
The meeting will be canceled by Ridho.
4. Titin has written the plan.
The plan has been written by Titin.
6. The team still cannot discover his body.
His body still cannot be discovered by the team.

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