Materi Bahasa Inggris Peminatan Kelas XI IPA & IPS

Explanation Text

Pengertian Explanation Text

Explanation text adalah salah satu jenis teks dalam Bahasa Inggris yang menjelaskan mengenai suatu proses. Berbicara mengenai proses, teks ini hampir sama dengan procedure text. Namun, jika procedure text menjelaskan cara melakukan sesuatu (proses), teks ini menjelaskan bagaimana suatu proses tersebut terjadi. Dengan begitu, dapat kita ketahui bahwa explanation text berfungsi untuk memberikan informasi kepada pembaca tentang suatu proses tersebut.
The Generic Structure :
  1. General statement.
  2. Explanations.
  3. Closing.
Language Features :
  1. Using simple present tense.
  2. Passive voice.
  3. Conjunction.
  4. Time squence.
example :
How A Tsunami Happens
The term of “tsunami” comes from the Japanese which means harbour (“tsu”) and wave (“nami”). A tsunami is a series of waves generated when water in a lake or a sea is rapidly displaced on a massive scale.
A tsunami can be generated when the sea floor abruptly deforms and vertically displaces the overlying water. Such large vertical movements of the earth’s crust can occur at plate boundaries.
Subduction of earthquakes are particularly effective in generating tsunami, and occur where denser oceanic plates slip under continental plates.
As the displaced water mass moves under the influence of gravity to regain its equilibrium, it radiates across the ocean like ripples on a pond.
Tsunami always bring great damage. Most of the damage is caused by the huge mass of water behind the initial wave front, as the height of the sea keeps rising fast and floods powerfully into the coastal area.
(simplified from
 Answer the following questions. Do it in your workbook.
1.Do you know what kind of text is above?
2.What information about tsunamis can you get from the text?
3.What can cause tsunamis?
4.Can tsunamis make people suffer? Why?
5.Can you imagine what a tsunami is like?
6.Does it make you afraid?
7.You have already herd about the disaster in Aceh , right? Can you tell as in your own words how it hppened?
8.What do you think about the tsunami news? Can you absorb the information well?

Leave a Comment